Austrostipa stipoides

Austrostipa stipoides (Hook. f.)
S.W.L.Jacobs & J.Everett. Telopea 6: 589 (1996).

Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae. Tribe Stipeae.

Basionym and/or
Replacement Name:
Hook. f., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 294, t. 66 (1853).

Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information
: LT: Hooker s.n., New Zealand: Bay of Islands
(K). LT designated by Townrow, Pap. Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 112:
277–287 (1978).

Recent synonyms:
Stipa stipoides, Stipa. teretifolia.

Key references
(books and floras):
[1878] G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (567 as Stipa.
), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae
(174 as Stipa. teretifolia), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass,
Grasses of Australia
, [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses
of South Australia
(91), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley &
D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (159), [2009] A.Wilson (ed.). Flora
of Australia
, Vol 44A. Poaceae 2 (35).

[2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (91, Fig. 53), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs,
R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn
(159), [2009]. A.Wilson (ed.), Flora of Australia 44A: Poaceae 2
(37, Fig 5).

Perennial. Culms erect, 30–120 cm tall, wiry, 3–4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous
on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane, 4–9 mm long, obtuse. Leaf-blades
erect, aciculate, conduplicate or involute, 20–70 cm long, 0.6–1.1 mm wide.
Leaf-blade surface indumented.

Inflorescence compound, a panicle. Panicle linear, 10–25 cm long, 2 cm wide.

Spikelets pedicelled. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile
floret(s), without rachilla extension, lanceolate, terete, 15–21 mm long.

Glumes. Glumes
similar, thinner than fertile lemma, shiny. Lower glume lanceolate, membranous,
without keels, 3 -nerved. Upper glume lanceolate, 12–21 mm long, membranous,
without keels, 5 -nerved.

Fertile lemma 8.5–12.5 mm long, without keel. Lemma surface indumented. Lemma
apex dentate or lobed, awned, 1 -awned. Median (principal) awn from a sinus,
20–40 mm long overall, with a twisted column. Column 10–15 mm long. Palea
without keels. Lodicules present. Anthers 3. Grain 4 mm long.

: Australasia.

: South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania.

South Australia:
Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island,
South-eastern. New South Wales: South Coast. Victoria: East
Gippsland, Gippsland Plain, Wilsons Promontory, Wannon. Tasmania: North
West, North East, West Coast, Midlands, East Coast, South West.

Notes. Coastal areas of
southern New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and New Zealand.

AVH 2011


Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith