Puccinellia stricta

Puccinellia stricta (Hook. f.) Blom. Acta Horti Gothob. 5: 89 (1930).

Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae. Tribe Poeae.

Basionym and/or
Replacement Name:
Hook. f., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 304 (1853).

Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information
: LT: Gunn 1463, 24 Dec 1844, Australia:
Tasmania: Launceston, marsh (K). LT designated by Allan & Jansen, Trans.
Roy. Soc. New Zealand
69: 265 (1939).

Key references
(books and floras):
[1878] G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (658 as Glyceria
), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae
(100), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of Australia,
[2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora of the South West (433),
[2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia
(164), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New
South Wales
(359), [2009] A.Wilson (ed.). Flora of Australia, Vol
44A. Poaceae 2 (267).

[1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae (101,
Pl. 28), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South
 (165, fig. 117 as var. stricta),
[2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South
, 4th edn (359), [2009]. A.Wilson (ed.), Flora of Australia 44A:
Poaceae 2 (273, Fig.36).

Habit. Annual
or perennial. Culms erect, stature slender to delicate, 9–78 cm tall. Ligule an
eciliate membrane, 0.9–2.6 mm long, obtuse. Leaf-blades filiform, involute,
3–22 cm long, 0.5–4.3 mm wide.

Inflorescence compound, a panicle. Panicle lanceolate, 5–26.5 cm long.

Spikelets pedicelled. Fertile spikelets many flowered, with at least 2 fertile
florets (3–12), comprising 3–12 fertile floret(s), with diminished florets at
the apex, elliptic or oblong, laterally compressed, 2.6–12 mm long.

Glumes. Glumes
dissimilar. Lower glume ovate, membranous, without keels or keeled, 1(–2)
-nerved. Upper glume ovate, 1.9–3.4 mm long, membranous, without keels, 3

Fertile lemma 2–3.6 mm long, without keel, 5 -nerved. Lemma apex erose. Palea 2
-nerved. Palea apex entire or divided to base. Anthers 3.

: Australasia.

: Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales,
Victoria, Tasmania.

Western Australia:
Drummond, Dale, Roe, Avon. South Australia: Flinders Ranges, Eyre
Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo
Island, South-eastern. New South Wales: Southern Tablelands,
South-Western Plains, South Far Western Plains. Victoria: East Gippsland,
Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Plain, Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Murray Mallee,
Otway Plain, Riverina, Volcanic Plain, Wimmera. Tasmania: King Island,
Furneaux Group, North West, North East, Midlands, East Coast.

Notes. Also in
N.Z. All states but N.T. and Qld. In Tas. recorded from saltmarshes and
estuarine mud flats, saline lagoons and saline areas in agricultural land. In
Vic., in coastal and sandy margins of salinated water bodies. Flowers
Sept.-Jan. Fruits Oct.-Apr.Commonly in salty and often sandy areas near water.
Flowers Sept.-Feb. Fruits (July-)Oct.-Apr.


AVH 2011


Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith