Miscanthus sinensis* Anderss. Öfvers. Förh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 12: 166 (1855).
Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. Andropogoneae.
Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: China: ??: Cap Syng-Moon, 1837, F.J.F. Meyen s.n. (HT: B).
Key references (books and floras):  D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of Australia,  J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia (530),  S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (301).
Illustrations:  N.T.Burbidge. rev. S.W.L.Jacobs, Australian Grasses (185),  J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia (529, fig. 451 as var. zebrinus),  S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (301).
Habit. Perennial. Rhizomes present, short. Culms erect, 60–300 cm tall, 3–7 mm diam. Mid-culm nodes glabrous. Lateral branches simple. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringed membrane, a ciliolate membrane, 1–3 mm long. Leaf-blades 20–70 cm long, 2.5 mm wide.
Inflorescence. Inflorescence compound, a panicle of rames. Central inflorescence axis 6–15 cm long. Rhachis tough.
Spikelets. Spikelets pedicelled, 2 in the cluster. Fertile spikelets 2-flowered, the lower floret barren (rarely male), the upper fertile, comprising 1 basal sterile florets, comprising 1 fertile floret(s), without rachilla extension, lanceolate, dorsally compressed, 4.5–7 mm long.
Glumes. Glumes dissimilar, firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear or lanceolate, chartaceous, without keels or keeled, 2-keeled, 2–3 -nerved. Lower glume surface glabrous. Upper glume lanceolate, chartaceous, without keels, 1–3 -nerved. Florets. Basal sterile florets 1, barren, without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret 80 % of length of spikelet, hyaline, 1 -nerved.
Fertile lemma 1.5–4.5 mm long, without keel, 1 -nerved. Lemma apex lobed, awned, 1 -awned. Median (principal) awn from a sinus, 5–12 mm long overall, with a twisted column. Anthers 3.
Continental Distribution: Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, North America, and South America.
Australian Distribution: Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland (+), New South Wales.
Western Australia: Drummond. South Australia: Murray. New South Wales: Central Coast.
Notes. M. sinensis var. zebrinus Beal is a cultivated variant with the lamina banded or zoned with white.
Introduced to Australia where it is naturalised in south-western W.A. and the Blue Mountains, N.S.W. A native of eastern Asia. Flowers Apr. and Dec.