Hainardia cylindrica*

Hainardia cylindrica* (Willd.) Greuter. Boissiera 13: 177 (1967).

Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae.
Tribe Poeae.

Basionym and/or
Replacement Name:
 Rottboellia cylindrica
Willd., Sp. Pl. 1(1): 464 (1797).

Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information
: Habitat in Europa australi,.

Recent synonyms:
Monerma cylindrica.

Key references
(books and floras):
[1878] G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (668 as Lepturus
), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae
(188 as Monerma cylindricas), [1981] M.Lazarides in J.Jessop (ed)., Flora
of Central Australia
(469 as Monerma), [2002] D.Sharp &
B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant
& M.Lewington, Flora of the South West (418), [2006] J.Jessop,
G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia (127), [2008]
S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales
(271), [2009] A.Wilson (ed.). Flora of Australia, Vol 44A. Poaceae 2

[1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia
1 Gramineae (189, Pl.50 as Monerma), [2006] J.Jessop,
G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South
 (128, fig. 84), [1984] N.T.Burbidge. rev.
S.W.L.Jacobs, Australian Grasses  (147), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley
& D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (271), [2009].
A.Wilson (ed.), Flora of Australia
44A: Poaceae 2 (350, Fig. 47).

Habit. Annual.
Culms erect or geniculately ascending, 4–48 cm tall. Ligule an eciliate
membrane, 0.2–0.6 mm long. Leaf-blades aciculate, involute, 3–16 cm long,
1.5–2.6 mm wide.

Inflorescence solid, a spike. Rhachis fragile at the nodes.

Spikelets sessile. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile
floret(s), with a barren rachilla extension, lanceolate, dorsally compressed,
4.3–7 mm long.

Glumes. Glumes
firmer than fertile lemma. Upper glume lanceolate, 4.3–7.2 mm long, coriaceous,
without keels, 3–5(–9) -nerved.

Fertile lemma 4.3–5.5 mm long, without keel, 3 -nerved. Lemma surface
indumented. Anthers 3.

: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Australasia, North America,
and South America.

: Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales,
Victoria, Tasmania.

: Drummond, Dale, Warren,
Avon. South Australia: Lake Eyre,
Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island,
South-eastern. New South Wales: North Coast, Central Coast, Southern
Tablelands, North-Western Slopes, Central-Western Slopes, South-Western Slopes,
North-Western Plains, South-Western Plains. Victoria:
East Gippsland, Gippsland Plain, Murray
Mallee, Otway Plain, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. Tasmania: Furneaux Group, East Coast.

Notes. Southern
and eastern Australia,
all states except N.T. and Qld, also on Lord Howe Is. Native to the Mediterranean. Usually found on saline or gypsaceous
soils associated with coastal vegetation. Flowers Oct.-Mar.

AVH 2011



Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith