Germainia capitata

Germainia capitata Balansa &
Poitrass. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 7: 344 (1873).

Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. Andropogoneae.

Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information
: Vietnam,
Saigon:  Germain .

Key references
(books and floras):
[1969] E.E.Henty, Manual Grasses New Guinea
(105), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of Australia.

Perennial. Culms erect, 30–90 cm tall, 3–5 -noded. Lateral branches simple.
Ligule a fringed membrane, a ciliolate membrane, 1–1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades
flat or involute, 7–38 cm long, 3–9 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous or

Inflorescence solid, a rame. Rhachis obsolete (rame capitate).

Spikelets pedicelled, 1 in the cluster. Companion spikelets sessile, 1 in the
cluster. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed, 1–4 in number. Companion
spikelets developed, male, 16–23 mm long. Companion spikelet glumes muticous.
Fertile spikelets 2-flowered, the lower floret barren (rarely male), the upper
fertile, comprising 1 basal sterile florets, comprising 1 fertile floret(s),
without rachilla extension, linear or lanceolate, terete, 8–14 mm long.

Glumes similar, firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, chartaceous,
without keels, 3 -nerved. Lower glume surface glabrous. Upper glume lanceolate,
7–9 mm long, chartaceous, without keels, 3 -nerved. Florets. Basal
sterile florets 1, barren, without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile
floret hyaline.

Fertile lemma without
keel, 1 -nerved. Lemma apex entire, awned, 1 -awned. Median (principal) awn
60–90 mm long overall, with a twisted column. Column 40–60 mm long. Palea
absent. Lodicules absent or vestigial. Anthers 2.

: Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, and Australasia.

: Queensland.

Queensland: Cook, Port Curtis.

Notes. Grows in
open Eucalyptus and Melaleuca woodland, only in a limited area NW
of Bundaberg, Gladstone and Badu and Moa Is.. Extends to New Guinea and in Malaya,
Thailand, Vietnam and south China. Flowers Jan.--Mar.

AVH 2011

Herbrecs 2011Herbrecs 2011


Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith