Festuca rubra* Linn. Sp. Pl. 74 (1753).
Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae. Tribe Poeae.
Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: Sweden, Upsala: Anon (GB lecto).
Key references (books and floras):  D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of Australia,  J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia (126),  S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (269),  A.Wilson (ed.). Flora of Australia, Vol 44A. Poaceae 2 (281).
Illustrations:  J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia (127, fig. 83as subsp. rubra),  S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (269).
Habit. Perennial. Rhizomes absent or present, elongated. Culms erect or geniculately ascending, stature slender to delicate, 15–104 cm tall, 1–3 -noded. Lateral branches sparsely branched. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface or hairy. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane, 0.2–0.4 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform, flat or conduplicate, 3–40 cm long, 0.4–1(–2) mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth or scabrous, glabrous or indumented.
Inflorescence. Inflorescence compound, a panicle. Panicle lanceolate or oblong, 3–17 cm long.
Spikelets. Spikelets pedicelled. Fertile spikelets many flowered, with at least 2 fertile florets (3–9), comprising 3–9 fertile floret(s), with diminished florets at the apex, elliptic or oblong, laterally compressed, 5–14 mm long.
Glumes. Glumes dissimilar. Lower glume lanceolate, chartaceous, without keels, 1 -nerved. Upper glume oblong, 3–5.5 mm long, chartaceous, without keels, 3 -nerved.
Florets. Fertile lemma 4–6.4 mm long, without keel or keeled, 5 -nerved. Lemma apex awned, 1 -awned. Median (principal) awn 0.5–3.4 mm long overall. Palea 2 -nerved. Anthers 3.
Continental Distribution: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Pacific, North America, South America, and Antarctica.
Australian Distribution: Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania.
Western Australia: Irwin, Drummond, Warren. South Australia: Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty. New South Wales: Central Coast, Central Tablelands, Southern Tablelands. Victoria: Gippsland Plain, Midlands, Otway Plain, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain. Tasmania: North West, East Coast.
Notes. Introduced. Native of Europe. Usually in damp open habitats, common in suburban lawns. Flowers Oct.-Jan. Fruits Jan.-Feb.