Cymbopogon martinii*

Cymbopogon martinii* (Roxb.) W. Watson. Atkins, Gaz. N.W. Prov. India 10: 392

Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily
Panicoideae. Andropogoneae.

Basionym and/or
Replacement Name:
Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 280–281 (1820).

Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information
: India: Lucknow: Ballaghat, high lands, Gen.
(seeds) Martin s.n.
(HT: K).

Key references
(books and floras):
[2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of

Perennial. Culms erect, stature robust to moderate, 150–300 cm tall. Ligule an
eciliate membrane, 1.5–4 mm long. Leaf-blades linear or lanceolate, flat, 25–50
cm long, 10–30 mm wide.

Inflorescence compound, composed of rames. Central inflorescence axis 21–50 cm
long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes.

Spikelets sessile, 1 in the cluster. Companion spikelets pedicelled, 1 in the
cluster. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed, 2 in number (lower raceme).
Companion spikelets developed, comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas or
male, 3–4 mm long. Companion spikelet glumes muticous. Fertile spikelets
2-flowered, the lower floret barren (rarely male), the upper fertile, comprising
1 basal sterile florets, comprising 1 fertile floret(s), without rachilla
extension, oblong, dorsally compressed, 3.5–4.5 mm long.

Glumes. Glumes
dissimilar, firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, chartaceous,
keeled, 2-keeled, winged on keel, winged broadly or narrowly, 2 -nerved. Upper
glume lanceolate, keeled, 1-keeled. Florets. Basal sterile florets 1,
barren, without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret hyaline.

Fertile lemma 1 mm
long, without keel. Lemma apex entire or lobed, awned, 1 -awned. Median
(principal) awn from a sinus, 12–18 mm long overall, with a twisted column.
Column 7 mm long. Palea absent. Anthers 3.

: Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Pacific,
and South America.

: Queensland.

Port Curtis.

India. In Australia persisting in the abandoned introduction plots at Fitzroy
Vale, Qld, where it was originally cultivated. Flowers Apr.--July.

AVH 2011

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith