Anthosachne scabra

Anthosachne scabra (R.Br.) Nevski. Trudy
Sredne-Aziatskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriya 8b, Botanika
17: 65

Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae.
Tribe Triticeae.

Basionym and/or
Replacement Name:
R. Br., Prodr. 178 (1810).

Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information
: HT: Australia (FI); Habitat in capite Van-Diemen.

Recent synonyms:
Agropyron scabrum (R.Br.) P.Beauv., Elymus scaber (R.Br.) A.Löve.

Key references
(books and floras):
[1878] G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (665 as Agropyrum
), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae
(195 as Agropyrum scabrum), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass,
Grasses of Australia
, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora
of the South West (416), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses
of South Australia
(264), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley &
D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (238), [2009] A.Wilson (ed.). Flora
of Australia
, Vol 44A. Poaceae 2 (98).

[1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae (196,
Pl.58 as Agropyron scabrum), [1984] N.T.Burbidge. rev. S.W.L.Jacobs, Australian
 (38, as Agropyron scabrum),
[2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (265, fig. 205 & plate 9 as var. scaber),
[2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South
, 4th edn (238).

Perennial. Culms erect or arching, 13.5–120 cm tall. Mid-culm nodes glabrous.
Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheath auricles present. Ligule an eciliate membrane,
0.2–0.9 mm long, hyaline or membranous, truncate. Leaf-blades flat or involute,
5–40 cm long, 1.8–6.9 mm wide.

Inflorescence solid, a raceme. Racemes 1, 15–25 cm long, bearing (1–)3–10(–13)
fertile spikelets on each.

Spikelets sessile or pedicelled. Fertile spikelets many flowered, with at least
2 fertile florets (2–20), comprising 2–20 fertile floret(s), with diminished florets
at the apex, oblong, laterally compressed, 25–35 mm long.

Glumes. Glumes
similar. Lower glume subulate or oblong or ovate, chartaceous or coriaceous,
without keels, (2–)3–5(–6) -nerved. Lower glume apex muticous or awned. Upper
glume oblong, 12 mm long, coriaceous, without keels, 5–7 -nerved.

Fertile lemma 7–24.5 mm long, keeled, 5(–7) -nerved. Lemma apex awned, 1
-awned. Median (principal) awn 9–47 mm long overall. Lodicules present. Anthers

: Australasia.

: Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South
Wales, Victoria, Tasmania.

Western Australia:
Dale, Menzies, Warren, Eyre, Coolgardie. South Australia: Nullabor,
Gairdner-Torrens Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern
Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South-eastern.
Queensland: Burnett, Darling Downs, Port Curtis. New South Wales:
North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, Northern Tablelands, Central
Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western Slopes, Central-Western Slopes,
South-Western Slopes, North-Western Plains, South-Western Plains. Victoria:
East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain,
Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Midlands, Murray Mallee, Otway Plain, Otway Range,
Wilsons Promontory, Riverina, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. Tasmania:
Furneaux Group, North West, West Coast, Central Highlands, Midlands, Ben
Lomond, East Coast.

Notes. Found
thoughout Australia except N.T.. Also in New Zealand.


Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith