L. Sp. Pl. 67 (1753).
Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae.
Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information: NT: Hudson 16, (LINN-87.9). NT designated by
Soreng in Cafferty et al., Taxon 49(2): 256 (2000).
(books and floras):  D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of
Australia,  S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses
of New South Wales (355),  A.Wilson (ed.). Flora of Australia,
Vol 44A. Poaceae 2 (311).
 S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South
Wales, 4th edn (354).
Perennial. Stolons present. Culms erect or geniculately ascending or decumbent,
20–101 cm tall, 3–5 -noded. Lateral branches simple. Leaves mostly basal or
cauline. Leaf-sheaths antrorsely scabrous. Ligule an eciliate membrane,
3–7(–10) mm long, abaxially hairy, obtuse or acute. Leaf-blades flat,
(3–)7.5–22 cm long, 1.5–5.2(–6) mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth or
Inflorescence compound, a panicle. Panicle oblong or ovate, dense or loose or
effuse, 1.1–20 cm long, 1–15 cm wide.
Spikelets pedicelled. Fertile spikelets many flowered, with at least 2 fertile
florets (2–4), comprising 2–4 fertile floret(s), with diminished florets at the
apex, elliptic or oblong or ovate, laterally compressed, 3–4 mm long.
similar. Lower glume lanceolate, membranous, keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Upper
glume ovate, 2.3–2.9(–3.5) mm long, membranous, keeled, 1-keeled, 3 -nerved.
Fertile lemma 2.5–3.5 mm long, keeled, 5 -nerved. Lodicules present. Anthers 3.
Distribution: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia,
North America, South America, and Antarctica.
Distribution: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania.
New South Wales:
Central Coast, Southern Tablelands, South-Western Slopes. Victoria:
Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, Midlands, Volcanic
Plain, Wannon. Tasmania: North East, Midlands, East Coast, Mt
One collection of subsp. sylvicola has been seen. This form is
distinguished by the formation of a series of small globose nodules at the base
of the culm.
Australia. Widespread, native to the Mediterranean. An uncommon weed favouring
damp shaded areas. Flowers Nov.-Jan. Fruits Dec.-?.