Koeleria macrantha* (Ledeb.) Schult. Mant 2: 345 (1824).
Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae. Tribe Poeae.
Replacement Name: Aira macrantha
Ledeb. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Petersbourg (Ser. 7) 5: 515(1815).
Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information: Russia:
(books and floras):  G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (639 as Koeleria
cristata),  C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae
(60 as Koeleria phleoides),  D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass,
Grasses of Australia,  S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley &
D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (288),  A.Wilson (ed.). Flora
Vol 44A. Poaceae 2 (157).
 C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae (61,
Pl. 16),  S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of
New South Wales, 4th edn (288), . A.Wilson (ed.), Flora of Australia 44A:
Poaceae 2 (155, Fig.23).
Perennial. Rhizomes present, elongated. Culms erect, 10–75 cm tall, 1–3 -noded.
Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane, 0.2–0.7 mm long. Leaf-blades
filiform or linear, flat or convolute, 5–20 cm long, 1–3.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade
surface smooth or scabrous, glabrous or indumented.
Inflorescence solid, a panicle. Panicle linear or lanceolate, 1–12.5 cm long,
0.5–2 cm wide.
Spikelets pedicelled. Fertile spikelets many flowered, with at least 2 fertile
florets (2–3(-4)), comprising 2–3(–4) fertile floret(s), with diminished
florets at the apex, oblong or cuneate, laterally compressed, 4–7 mm long.
Glumes similar, similar to fertile lemma in texture, shiny. Lower glume oblong
or obovate, membranous, much thinner on margins, keeled, 1-keeled, 1–3 -nerved.
Lower glume surface glabrous or indumented. Upper glume oblong or obovate,
4–6.2 mm long, membranous, keeled, 1-keeled, 3(–5) -nerved. Upper glume surface
glabrous or indumented.
Fertile lemma 3.5–5.5 mm long, keeled, 3–5 -nerved. Lemma apex muticous or
mucronate or awned, 0–1 -awned. Median (principal) awn 0–0.4(–0.7) mm long
overall. Palea apex dentate. Lodicules present. Anthers 3. Grain 2.5–3 mm long.
Distribution: Europe, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Pacific,
North America, and South America.
Distribution: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania.
New South Wales: Southern Tablelands.
Highlands, Snowfields. Tasmania:
No region given.
Notes. A variable species
with a number of forms in Europe. K.
australiensis Domin, described as native, appears to fall within the range
of variability of K. macrantha and is included here pending further
study of the species complex.
Introduced (?). Native of Europe. Montane woodland or grassland often on shallow,
rocky soils. Flowers Nov.-Feb.