Dichelachne crinita

Dichelachne crinita (L.f.) Hook. f. Fl.
Nov. Zeland
1: 293 (1853).

Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Pooideae.
Tribe Poeae.

Basionym and/or
Replacement Name:
L. f., Suppl. Pl. 90 (1781 [1782]).

Type of Basionym or
Protologue Information
: HT: Forster s.n., New Zealand (S-herb. Bäck).

Key references
(books and floras):
[1810]. R.Brown, Prodromus (170 as Agrostis
), [1878] G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (574), [1952]
C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae (151), [2002]
D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Grasses of Australia, [2002]
J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora of the South West (411), [2006]
J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia (215),
[2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South
(209), [2009] A.Wilson (ed.). Flora of Australia, Vol 44A. Poaceae 2

[1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae (153,
Pl. 46), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South
 (216, fig. 161), [2008]
S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales,
4th edn (209), [2009]. A.Wilson (ed.), Flora of Australia 44A: Poaceae 2
(213, Fig. 29; 219, Fig.30).

Perennial. Culms erect, 50–125 cm tall. Ligule an eciliate membrane, 1 mm long,
entire. Leaf-blades 5.5–20 cm long, 2–5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous or

Inflorescence solid, a panicle. Panicle linear, 8–20 cm long.

Spikelets pedicelled. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile
floret(s), without rachilla extension or with a barren rachilla extension,
linear, laterally compressed, 5–9.8 mm long.

Glumes. Glumes
similar, thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, membranous,
keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Lower glume apex muticous or mucronate. Upper
glume lanceolate, 5.5–9.4 mm long, membranous, keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved.

Fertile lemma 4–7.2 mm long, keeled, 1 -nerved. Lemma apex dentate, awned, 1
-awned. Median (principal) awn dorsal, 23–33(–40) mm long overall, with a
straight or slightly twisted column. Palea 2 -nerved. Anthers 1–3. Grain
2.8–3.5 mm long.

: Tropical Asia, Australasia,
and Pacific.

: Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South
Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Norfolk I, Lord Howe.

: Drummond, Dale, Warren, Eyre. South
: Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island,
South-eastern. Queensland: Burnett,
Darling Downs, Leichhardt, Moreton, Port
Curtis. New South Wales: Central Coast, Northern Tablelands, Central
Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western Slopes, Central-Western Slopes,
South-Western Slopes. Victoria: Gippsland Highlands, Snowfields. Tasmania:
King Island, Furneaux Group, North West, North East, West Coast, Midlands, East Coast, South West.

Notes. Endemic. Also New Zealand.
Usually in well watered sites; often in eucalypt woodland. Flowers Nov.-Feb.

AVH 2011



Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith